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Ring terms: a glossary

As if finding that perfect ring wasn’t hard enough, there are so many terms associated with engagement and wedding rings, ranging from the common sense terms to highly specific, complex jargon, that it can be overwhelming.

At Diamond Rocks, we want to empower you with knowledge to make sure you make the best purchase according to your price range. Learning these terms before you step foot into a jewellery store or begin searching online can help to make your decision easier and ensure you get what you pay for.


The round section of the ring that fits around the finger. This is also sometimes referred to as a shank, but ring bands usually have the same width around the entire perimeter.



A flaw on the surface of a gemstone.


Centre stone

The dominant, focal point stone in a set with multiple stones.


Channel band

Gemstones set side by side, without separation, in a channel of a ring, either for a section of the ring or all the way around for a full eternity ring. Channel ring bands refer specifically to a ring without a centre stone. This is a popular style for wedding rings and anniversary gifts.


Comfort fit

The inner surface of the band is contoured, making it more comfortable for daily wear, as there is less band surface-to-skin contact.



To decorate the band with a meaningful inscription or design.



Decorative metalworking technique that creates curlicue and scroll patterns on the band.



The texture of polish applied to a metal.



The part of the underside of the ring that fits over the top of the finger.



Outermost edges of a gemstone.



The basket that holds the ring’s gemstone in place.



A dull and non-reflective surface created by scratching or a chemical process.


Millegrain edge

The design of small, repeated edges.



A sheen layer that develops on the surface of platinum, caused by daily wear, which can either be polished away or left for effect.



A metal bar that holds the gemstone in place on the bar.


Ring setting

A ring’s shank and head that does not yet have a centre stone.


Satin finish

Texturising technique that leaves a series of parallel lines on the surface of a band.



Engagement rings sold with side stones but not the centre stone. The centre stone is sold separately to allow for customisation.


Side stone

A gemstone set beside the centre stone. Typically, side stones are symmetrically arranged around the centre stone.



The section of the band on either side of the centre setting.


Solitaire stone

A lone centre stone on a ring.



A horizontal measurement taken across the widest area on the top of the band.

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